charcoal from biomass

Biomass Carbonization Plant

As the situation of energy shortage is becoming more and more serious, more and more people begin discovering new channel to produce new energy resources. So the method of utilizing biomass waste materials to produce resources has gradually appeared in our eyes. Beston biomass carbonization plant is utilized to produce more precious energy resources from biomass waste materials, such as rice husk, coconut shell, wood, sawdust, straw, palm shell, sugarcane bagasse, bamboo, peanut shell, olive shell, etc. The carbonization of biomass belongs to environmental project. Through the charcoal making process, the biomass waste can be converted into artificial charcoal, with high caloric value and wide applications.

Biomass Carbonization Plant
Biomass Carbonization Plant for Sale


Beston biomass carbonization machine has always kept a dominated status in the international market and has been exported and applied in many countries. The biomass charcoal making machine manufactured by Beston Machinery has also enjoyed a great reputation than other charcoal making machine suppliers for its perfect performance, affordable price, lower energy consumption and better after-sales service.

Detailed introduction of biomass carbonization process

In short, the process of making charcoal from biomass can be concluded into four major steps: high temperature carbonization, flue gas volatilization, sulfur releasing, charcoal enrichment.

carbonization of biomass
Carbonization of biomass


As we all know, the moisture and size of raw materials will affect the quality of end products. Thus at first, our biomass carbonizer machine is equipped with the pretreatment devices – dryer and shredder, which guarantee the moisture of biomass should less than 20% and size is smaller than 50mm; after this step, the biomass will be delivered to carbonization furnace by belt conveyor to have a high temperature carbonization; at the beginning, we will use traditional fuels such as coal, wood or natural gas to provide heating for the furnace, which will last for 30 minutes; when it reaches the related temperature, the raw materials in the furnace will generate combustible gas, which can provide heating for the furnace or dryer instead of coal, wood, or natural gas, which is the reflection of one fire with two steps; the residual materials in the furnace which is called artificial charcoal will be collected directly after cooling; and then the combustible gas will enter the condenser system through the purification of spray deducting system and cyclone deducting system to remove the harmful components – sulfur; in the condenser system, the combustible gas will be liquefied into tar and wood vinegar, which will be collected in the different tanks. Finally, the biomass is turned into four kinds of resources, including charcoal, combustible gas, tar and wood vinegar, which can be said that it has fully achieved resource recycling.


Applications of end products from carbonisation of biomass

End Products Area Usage
Charcoal Daily life * widely used as fuel in BBQ.
* used as fuel in other area.
Agriculture * attach heavy metal to improve the quality of soil.
Industry * can be reprocessed into activated carbon.
* used for construction bricks with clay.
* widely used as fuel in industries such as steel and iron factories, ceramics, etc.
Gas Daily life * widely used as fuel.
Agriculture * greenhouse agriculture heating.
Industry * used as fuel for heating or drying.
* can be used for generator to get electricity.
Wood vinegar, tar Industry * belongs to high temperature  resistant and waterproof, the great materials in  shipbuilding and paint industry.
* used as raw materials in chemical and medicine.
Agriculture * used as plant nutrition regulates auxin or insecticide.


Advantages of biomass carbonization plant:

1. In addition to the stable operating performance, the advanced technology of one fire with two steps is also worth mentioning. The technology of one fire with two steps is the domestic initiate in the whole industry. The combustible gas generated in the furnace during the carbonization process can will be processed by the spray dedusting system and condenser system. After that, the combustible gas will be recycled by the draft fan to heat furnace and dryer, so as to reduce energy consumption and save more cost.

2. In addition, through a series of dedusting systems, the whole process can meet the EU emission standard.

3. Carbonizing furnace is a cure part in the whole set of carbonization plant. Our furnace has introduced the double-layer design, which can raise the heat utilization efficiency and increase production yield to create more economic benefits by heating the bottom of furnace.

biomass carbonizer equipment
Tunisia customers are visiting biomass carbonizer equipment


Reasons why you should choose Beston biomass carbonization machine

1. The biomass carbonization plant adopts one fire two step method, which is the unique technology in the world. It can make the lower part of the machine contact with the hot air thoroughly, thus increasing heat utilization efficiency.

2. In the production process, there will generate some combustible gas, which can be transported by the fan to heat the carbonization furnace to save much energy.

3. For the mainframe of the plant, we adopt variable-frequency and variable-speed motor, which can adjust the rotate speed of the barrel according to material’s size, moisture and other factors at any time.

4. There is only one hot air source in the whole operation process, which will save lots of cost for clients.

Model BST-05 BST-10 BST-20 BST-30
Hourly Feeding Capacity 500kg 0.8-1T 1.5-2T 2.5-3T
Working Method Continuous
Raw Materials 1. All kinds of biomass waste, such as sawdust, coconut shells, olive shells, palm shells, bamboo,etc.
2. Civil sludge, municipal sludge, industrial sludge,etc
3. MSW
Reactor Size Φ800 Φ1000 Φ1300 Φ1700
Pattern Horizontal & Rotary
Heating Materials Charcoal, Wood, diesel, Natural Gas, LPG, Biomass, etc.
Total Power 40kw/h 55kw/h 60kw/h 72kw/h
Floor Area (L*W*H) 30m*15m*7m 35*15*7m 45*15*10m 50*15*10m
Operating Pressure Constant Pressure
Cooling Method Recycling Water Cooling
Life Span 5-8 Years


Because of the well development prospects of biomass carbonization plant, more and more customers are willing to invest in the project. As a professional charcoal making machine supplier & manufacturer, Beston Machinery has export products to many countries and has won much praise and reputation in the international market. We are looking forward to opening more new markets! Welcome to Beston Group for cooperation!

Beston carbonization machines
Beston carbonization machines are ready for exporting to Ukraine

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